Carbohydrate is an organic compound that serves as nutrient and is a source of energy in the human body. The carbohydrates work in the human body by entering the digestive system changing the carbohydrates to glucose which is the blood sugar. Some of the foods which have high contents of carbohydrates include; fruits, sweets, soft drinks, potatoes, rice and bread and they contain 4 kilocalories per gram. The carbohydrates are known as a good source of fiber, but too much consumption of this may lead to sugar related ailments.
There are various organic compounds that are parts of carbohydrates and each has its own purpose. The compounds include; polysaccharide which conserves energy in a body, the monosaccharide ribose is another part that works as a coenzyme and it is required for the proteins biological activity. Lastly there is the ribonucleic acid RNA which is a component of the DNA and with the help of carbohydrates it assists in body growth. Apart from that carbohydrates role in the body is to fuel the central nervous system; it also fuels the muscular system, it helps conserve protein in a body, and also supplies fiber to help in digestion and is known to reduce the effect of heart diseases and obesity as well.
Carbohydrates for diabetics
People who have diabetic problems often have issues with consuming foods with carbohydrates and this is because the carbohydrates once consumed get converted to sugar glucose. The sugar glucose then needs help from the body hormone called insulin to direct it to the cells of the body so as to generate energy. The problem for people with diabetes comes when the use of insulin causes their blood sugar to rise and in turn may make their health worse. So a person who has diabetes should control the carbohydrates they consume whereby they are advised to eat whole-grain foods and fruits which contain high volumes of fiber that are known to help to slow the body’s absorption of sugar.
The best way of managing carbohydrates for diabetics is meal planning. You must be careful constantly checking the starch and sugar levels in the foods you consume on a daily basis. This in turn will introduce you to new foods and keep you from unhealthy diets. Also this meal planning is not only for diabetes patients but also for people who are trying to increase or lose weight. This comes from nutritionists or doctors who prescribe the best foods you can eat to increase weight using carbohydrate levels as well as reduce weight with the same technique. Other diseases that may attribute to carbohydrates include; lactose intolerance due to the sugar content of glucose and galactose, galactosemia which also contains galactose and lactose, dental caries are caused by the sugar properties where the teeth begin to decay lastly there is hypoglycemia which is caused by not having enough sugar in one’s body. The good news about all of this is that it can be controlled by nutrition and exercise done regularly.